Emergency management planning is a cyclical process that requires education agencies to continually identify and assess the risk posed by potential threats and hazards; create new collaborative relationships to enhance preparedness, response, and recovery; and assess various aspects of the school and institution of higher education (IHE) that may impact prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery. The types of assessments that education agencies may conduct when working to create or revise emergency operations plans (EOPs) include site assessments, climate assessments, behavioral threat assessments, and capacity assessments. It is recommended, and often required based on the need for specific types of information, that emergency management planning teams at schools, school districts, and IHEs work with key community partners to conduct assessments. For example, local law enforcement may provide statistics that inform a college’s behavioral threat assessment activities, while state emergency management agencies may support schools with site assessments. When forming collaborative planning teams as a part of Step 1 of the EOP development process, school and higher ed emergency management teams should consider which partners will serve as key assessment stakeholders.
What’s on this page?
Resources from the REMS TA Center, U.S. Department of Education, and federal agency partners on the topic of conducting assessments to inform school and higher ed emergency planning. The resources are organized by assessment type; resources that apply to multiple assessments are listed under the General category.
Behavioral Threat Assessment
- Behavioral Threat Assessment on Campus: What You Need to Know Webinar, National Center for Campus Public Safety (Higher ed)
- Campus Threat Assessment Case Studies: A Training Tool for Investigation, Evaluation, and Intervention, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (Higher ed)
- Enhancing School Safety Using a Threat Assessment Model: An Operational Guide for Preventing Targeted School Violence, U.S. Secret Service (K-12)
- The Final Report and Findings of the Safe School Initiative: Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States, U.S. Secret Service and U.S. Department of Education (K-12 and Higher ed)
- Final Report of the Federal Commission on School Safety, U.S. Department of Education, U.S. Department of Justice, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and U.S. Department of Homeland Security (K-12)
- Forming a School Behavioral Threat Assessment Team Webinar, REMS TA Center with Virginia Center for School and Campus Safety and Prince William County Public Schools in Virginia (K-12)
- Handling Threats and Other Disturbing Behavior on Campus Webinar, National Center for Campus Public Safety (Higher ed)
- Implementing Behavioral Threat Assessment on Campus, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Higher ed)
- Making Prevention a Reality: Identifying, Assessing, and Managing the Threat of Targeted Attacks, Federal Bureau of Investigation (K-12 and Higher ed)
- Prior Knowledge of Potential School‐Based Violence: Information Students Learn May Prevent a Targeted Attack, U.S. Secret Service and U.S. Department of Education (K-12 and Higher ed)
- Recommended Practices for Virginia College Threat Assessment, Virginia Center for School and Campus Safety (Higher ed)
- Retraumatization: How One College Campus Responded to Emotional Reinjury (Lessons Learned Volume 5, Issue 3), REMS TA Center (Higher ed)
- School Behavioral Threat Assessments: An Introduction Train-the-Educator, REMS TA Center (K-12)
- School Resource Officers, School Law Enforcement Units, and the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) Frequently Asked Questions Document, Privacy Technical Assistance Center and U.S. Department of Education (K-12)
- The School Shooter: A Threat Assessment Perspective Report, Federal Bureau of Investigation (K-12)
- Targeted Violence on a School and University Campus: Emergency Management Implications for Human Resources Professionals (Lessons Learned Volume 6, Issue 2), REMS TA Center (K-12 and Higher ed)
- Threat Assessment in Schools Community of Practice Forum, REMS TA Center (K-12)
- Threat Assessment in Schools: A Guide to Managing Threatening Situations and to Creating Safe School Climates, U.S. Secret Service and U.S. Department of Education (K-12)
- Understanding the New FERPA Guidance for School Security Staff from the U.S. Department of Education Webinar, REMS TA Center and U.S. Department of Education with Office of Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development (K-12)
- Use of Social Media in School Behavioral Threat Assessments Webinar, REMS TA Center with Illinois Statewide Terrorism & Intelligence Center (K-12)